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Curriculum in early childhood

Lee-Hammond, L.ORCID: 0000-0002-9699-7508 (2007) Curriculum in early childhood. In: New, R. and Cochran, M., (eds.) Early Childhood Education: An International Encyclopedia. Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT, pp. 894-897.


In Australia curriculum is developed and implemented at the level of states and territories. Attempts in the past two decades to develop a national curriculum for schools have been unsuccessful, and as a result, each state and territory government is solely responsible for the development and implementation of its’ own regulatory frameworks for the curriculum. Each state and territory has agreed on a set of Key Learning Areas. Although the names for these may vary, the discipline areas remain common and refer to English, mathematics, science, the arts, technology, society and environment, health and physical education, and languages other than English. In this section I will refer specifically to the school curriculum for early childhood (kindergarten to year 3) since child care in Australia is regulated by a national accreditation scheme. The child-care sector does not usually adopt curriculum designed by education authorities although in some states child-care directors are required to be trained teachers. Most Kindergarten and preschool programs are offered free to children who are 3–5 years of age, although these programs are not compulsory and school (i.e., year 1) starting ages also vary, as they too are determined by individual states and territories.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Education
Publisher: Praeger Publishers
Copyright: Rebecca S. New and Moncrieff Cochran
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