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Genetic analysis of Dermatophilus spp. using multilocus enzyme electrophoresis

Trott, D.J., Masters, A.M., Carson, J.M., Ellis, T.M. and Hampson, D.J.ORCID: 0000-0002-7729-0427 (1995) Genetic analysis of Dermatophilus spp. using multilocus enzyme electrophoresis. Zentralblatt fur Bakteriologie : international journal of medical microbiology, 282 (1). pp. 24-34.

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Multilocus enzyme electrophoresis was used to examine a collection of 41 mainly Australian isolates of Dermatophilus congolensis that had been cultured from sheep, cattle, horses, a goat, a marsupial and Chelonids. Allelic variation was examined at 16 enzyme loci. The isolates were divided into eight distinct electrophoretic types (ETs) with a mean genetic diversity per locus of 0.41. The three isolates from Chelonids represented a distinct clone in ET 1 which was separated from the remaining cluster of isolates of D. congolensis by a genetic distance of 0.852. These findings supported a previous proposal that the isolates from Chelonids represent a new species of Dermatophilus. The other 38 D. congolensis isolates were separated into two divisions (I and II) by a genetic distance of 0.560. The divisions were both subdivided into groups that either only contained alpha-hemolytic or beta-hemolytic isolates, but all isolates in each ET had only one hemolytic pattern. Isolates originating from the same animal species, or from the same geographic location, were not all closely related genetically. The allocation of isolates into ETs correlated well with their distribution into DNA restriction endonuclease analysis patterns previously established for the collection. Although relatively few distinct strains of D. congolensis were identified amongst the collection, significant genetic diversity existed within this population.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary Studies
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 1995 Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart
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