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Conductivities of 1:1 salts in 2-cyanopyridine

Hefter, G.T. and Salomon, M. (1994) Conductivities of 1:1 salts in 2-cyanopyridine. Journal of Solution Chemistry, 23 (5). pp. 579-593.

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Electrolytic conductivities of eight simple 1:1 electrolytes have been measured in dilute solutions of 2-cyanopyridine (2CNP) at 30°. Infinite dilution mobilities and association constants were calculated using the Fuoss-Hsia equation. With the exception of LiCF3SO3 all salts show very little association, consistent with the very high dielectric constant of 2CNP. The weak association which does occur is attributed to weak ion-solvent interactions. No evidence was found for triple ion formation. Conductivities of concentrated solutions of LiAsF6 in 2CNP increase slowly with concentration reaching a maximum at a concentration of around 0.65 mol-dm-3. These conductances are slightly lower than those in propylene carbonate which has a lower dielectric constant and a higher viscosity. Conductivities of concentrated LiAsF6 solutions in 2CNP mixtures with acetonitrile vary monotonically, consistent with solution viscosities, and show no sign of the maximum commonly observed in mixed organic solvents.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Chemical and Mathematical Science
Publisher: Plenum Publishing Corporation
Copyright: © 1994 Plenum Publishing Corporation
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