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A cohort study of Yersinia infection in goats

Lãnada, E.B., Morris, R.S., Jackson, R. and Fenwick, S.G. (2005) A cohort study of Yersinia infection in goats. Australian Veterinary Journal, 83 (9). pp. 567-571.

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Objective To determine the temporal pattern of Yersinia infections in three goat flocks and examine the influence of management and seasonal factors on the incidence of those infections over a 1-year period. Methods A longitudinal study involving monthly culture of faeces for Yersinia spp. from age groups of randomly selected goats on three farms in the Manawatu region of New Zealand. Results The incidence of excretion of potentially pathogenic Yersinia (Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Y enterocolitica biotypes 2, 3 and 5) peaked in winter and fell in summer. In contrast, environmental Yersinia (Y enterocolitica biotype 1A, Y frederiksenii, Y intermedia and Y rohdei) showed no clear pattern of seasonal variation. Pathogenic Yersinia were more prevalent in young animals than in adults, while environmental Yersinia were more prevalent in adults. The same type was isolated from the same animal in two or more successive months in about 20 to 25% of cases, and in the remaining cases there was a gap of at least one month between successive isolations, with many animals yielding a particular type on only a single occasion. A notable difference was that with the potentially pathogenic types, no animal had more than one period of time when it was found to be excreting a particular type, suggesting that immunity develops following exposure. In contrast, it was common for environmental types to be isolated from the same animal throughout the study period. Two goats were suspected to have developed clinical yersiniosis but all remaining infected animals showed no clinical signs of infection. Conclusions Asymptomatic Yersinia carriage was common in goats in New Zealand, with a clear seasonal and age group pattern of infection with potentially pathogenic types. There was evidence that immunity developed to potentially pathogenic types. This is the first time that Y rohdei has been isolated from goats.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
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