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Prediction of beef eating quality in France using the Meat Standards Australia system

Legrand, I., Hocquette, J-F, Polkinghorne, R.J. and Pethick, D.W.ORCID: 0000-0002-3255-7677 (2013) Prediction of beef eating quality in France using the Meat Standards Australia system. Animal, 7 (03). pp. 524-529.

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An experiment was set up for (i) comparing Australian and French consumer preferences to beef and to (ii) quantify how well the Meat Standards Australia (MSA) grading model could predict the eating quality of beef in France. Six muscles from 18 Australian and 18 French cattle were tested as paired samples. In France, steaks were grilled 'medium' or 'rare', whereas in Australia 'medium' cooking was used. In total, 360 French consumers took part in the 'medium' cooking test, with each eating half Australian beef and half French beef and 180 French consumers tested the 'rare' beef. Consumers scored steaks for tenderness (tn), juiciness (ju), flavour liking (fl) and overall liking (ov). They also assigned a quality rating to each sample: 'unsatisfactory', 'satisfactory everyday quality' (3*), 'better than everyday quality' (4*) or 'premium quality' (5*). The prediction of the final ratings (3*, 4*, 5*) by the French consumers using the MSA-weighted eating quality score (0.3 tn + 0.1 ju + 0.3 fl + 0.3 ov) was over 70%, which is at least similar to the Australian experience. The boundaries between 'unsatisfactory', 3*, 4* and 5* were found to be ca. 38, 61 and 80, respectively. The differences between extreme classes are therefore slightly more important in France than in Australia. On average, even though it does not have predictive equations for bull meat, the mean predicted scores calculated by the MSA model deviated from observed values by a maximum of 5 points on a 0 to 100 scale except for the Australian oyster blade and the French topside, rump and outside (deviating by <15). Overall, the data indicate that it would be possible to manage a grading system in France as there is high agreement and consistency across consumers. The 'rare' and 'medium' results are also very similar, indicating that a common set of weightings and cut-offs can be employed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Copyright: © 2012 The Animal Consortium.
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