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Xiphodynia: A diagnostic conundrum

Simpson, J.K. and Hawken, E. (2007) Xiphodynia: A diagnostic conundrum. Chiropractic & Osteopathy, 15 (1). p. 13.

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This paper presents 3 case reports of xiphodynia that presented to a chiropractic clinic. The paper examines aspects of xiphodynia including relevant anatomy of the xiphoid, as well as the incidence, aetiology, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. A brief overview of the mechanism of referred pain is presented.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Chiropractic and Sports Science
Publisher: Biomed Central
Copyright: © 2007 Simpson and Hawken
Notes: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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