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Differentiation of Serpulina species by NADH oxidase gene (nox) sequence comparisons and nox-based polymerase chain reaction tests

Atyeo, R.F., Stanton, T.B., Jensen, N.S., Suriyaarachichi, D.S. and Hampson, D.J.ORCID: 0000-0002-7729-0427 (1999) Differentiation of Serpulina species by NADH oxidase gene (nox) sequence comparisons and nox-based polymerase chain reaction tests. Veterinary Microbiology, 67 (1). pp. 47-60.

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The NADH oxidase genes (nox) of 18 strains of intestinal spirochaetes were partially sequenced over 1246 bases. Strains examined included 17 representatives from six species of the genus Serpulina, and the type strain 513A(T) of the human intestinal spirochaete Brachyspira aalborgi. Sequences were aligned and used to investigate phylogenetic relationships between the organisms. Nox sequence identities between strains within the genus Serpulina were within the range 86.3-100%, whilst the nox gene of B. aalborgi shared between 78.8-83.0% sequence identity with the nox sequences of the various Serpulina strains. A phenogram produced based on sequence dissimilarities was in good agreement with the current classification of species in the genus Serpulina, although an atypical strongly beta-haemolytic porcine strain (P280/1), previously thought to be S. innocens, appeared distinct from other members of this species. Primer pairs were developed from the nox sequence alignments for use in polymerase chain reaction (PCR) identification of the pathogenic species S. hyodysenteriae (NOX1), S. intermedia (NOX2), and S. pilosicoli (NOX3), and for the combined non-pathogenic species S. innocens and S. murdochii (NOX4). The PCRs were optimised using 80 strains representing all currently described species in the genus Serpulina, as well as the type strain of B. aalborgi. Tests NOX1 and NOX4 specifically amplified DNA from all members of their respective target species, whilst tests NOX2 and NOX3 were less sensitive. NOX2 amplified DNA from all 10 strains of S. intermedia from pigs but from only 4 of 10 strains from chickens, whilst NOX3 amplified DNA from only 18 of 21 S. pilosicoli strains, even at low stringency. Tests NOX1 and NOX4 should prove useful in veterinary diagnostic laboratories, whilst NOX2 and NOX3 require further refinement.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.
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