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Brachyspira aalborgi infection in four Australian children

Heine, R.G., Ward, P.B., Mikosza, A.S.J., Bennett-Wood, V., Robins-Browne, R.M. and Hampson, D.J.ORCID: 0000-0002-7729-0427 (2001) Brachyspira aalborgi infection in four Australian children. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 16 (8). pp. 872-875.

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Aim: The clinical presentation of four children and adolescents (two males and two females with a mean age of 12.4 years; range 9-16 years) with colorectal spirochetosis is discussed. Results: Symptoms included persistent diarrhea (n = 2), rectal bleeding (n = 1) and abdominal pain (n = 2). In all patients, colorectal spirochetosis was an unanticipated finding on colonic histology, and the presence of spirochetes was confirmed by the use of electron microscopy. Spirochetes were identified as Brachyspira aalborgi by using PCR amplification of the bacterial 16S rRNA and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide oxidase sequences in all four patients. No other enteric pathogens were found. Conclusions: Although all patients appeared to respond to antibiotic treatment, the clinical significance of B. aalborgi as a human pathogen requires further investigation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Copyright: © 2001 Blackwell Science Asia Pty Ltd.
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