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Spin density and bonding in the CoCl$^{2-} Ion in Cs$_3$CoCl$_5$. III. The comparison of theory and experiment

Chandler, G.S., Figgis, B.N., Phillips, R., Reynolds, P.A., Mason, R. and Williams, G.A. (1982) Spin density and bonding in the CoCl$^{2-} Ion in Cs$_3$CoCl$_5$. III. The comparison of theory and experiment. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 384 (1786). pp. 31-48.

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We report improvement in the precision of certain of the polarized neutron diffraction data for Cs$_3$CoCl$_5$. The improvement allows us to analyse the data using a chemically based model of the spin-density distribution that is equivalent to a conventional multipole treatment to fourth order on the cobalt, and to second order on the chlorine atoms of the CoCl$^{2-}_4$ ion. To test the completeness of the model and to understand the meaning of the parameters in terms of the wavefunction, we have used it to analyse a set of theoretical magnetic structure factors. These are obtained from the wave-function of a Hartree-Fock calculation on the CoCl$^{2-}_4$ ion. We obtain an excellent fit to the theoretical 'data' and a much improved fit to the experimental data when the new model is used. We confirm the main features of the spin- and charge-density distributions deduced in our previous study, and we are now also able to interpret the experimental parameters in terms of the wavefunction by analogy with the fit to the theoretical data. We find that there is ca. 3% of the total spin delocalized onto each chlorine atom of the CoCl$^{2-}_4$ ion, dominantly via $\sigma$- rather than $\pi$-bonding. There is a well defined diffuse spin density on the cobalt atom of 4p symmetry, and strong evidence for 3d-4p mixing. The spin density, in this almost cubic ion, has distinct non-cubic symmetry, which may arise from longer-range effects due to the rest of the tetragonal crystal.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: The Royal Society
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