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Carbonate removal from concentrated hydroxide solutions

Sipos, P., May, P.M. and Hefter, G. (2000) Carbonate removal from concentrated hydroxide solutions. Analyst, 125 (5). pp. 955-958.

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Methods for routinely lowering the carbonate content of concentrated aqueous hydroxide solutions [MOH with M+ = Li+, Na+, K+, Cs+ and (CH3)4N+] to analytically negligible levels (≤ 0.2% of the total alkalinity) are described. No single method was satisfactory for all MOH. Carbonate can be removed from highly concentrated (ca. 50% w/w) NaOH solutions by filtration since Na2CO3 is almost insoluble in this medium. However, for LiOH (ca. 4 M), (CH3)4NOH (ca 4.5 M) and KOH (ca. 14 M) and less concentrated NaOH (< 10 M), treatment with excess solid CaO followed by filtration gave the best results. For CsOH, which may be seriously contaminated with carbonate, the only satisfactory procedure was treatment of very concentrated soultions with excess solid Ba(OH)2. Residual calcium and barium concentrations in the decarbonated solutions were at trace levels.

Item Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation(s): School of Chemical and Mathematical Science
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Copyright: © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2000
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