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An analysis of Zaikai influence in Japanese telecommunication liberalization

Varan, Duane (1987) An analysis of Zaikai influence in Japanese telecommunication liberalization. Masters thesis, University of Houston .


On April 1, 1985, legislation was enacted in Japan which made it the world 19s third liberalized telecommunications market. While much has already been written in English concerning the American and British experience in liberalization, very little examination has been given to the focus leading to such policy reform in Japan. Moreover, almost no scholarly study to date has analyzed the influence of Japanese big business (zaikai) in the evolution of this new telecommunications environment.

The author of this study executed an extensive literature review, which included a comprehensive seven year content analysis of The Japan Economic Journal and The Oriental Economist, as well as several personal interviews to support the following thesis statement:

H. The zaikai was a significant force behind the liberalization of telecommunications in Japan as demonstrated by:

A) potential power to exert influence;
B) strong motive and interest in exercising such power;
C) defeat of all resistance to the exercise of such power;
D) evidence supporting the use of such power.

Findings demonstrate that liberalization resulted not from any single variable but rather was influenced by a variety of socio-economic-political forces which included the zaikai. Both formal and informal means by which the business community influences Japanese political decision making are discussed and numerous motives behind the application of such influence with regards to liberalization were examined. There was significant evidence indicating the zaikai, in fact, played a critical role in passage of the new laws and overcoming resistance to such reform.

Item Type: Others
Publisher: University of Houston
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