Facile synthesis of additive-assisted nano goethite powder and its application for fluoride remediation
Mohapatra, M., Rout, K., Gupta, S. K., Singh, P., Anand, S. and Mishra, B. K. (2010) Facile synthesis of additive-assisted nano goethite powder and its application for fluoride remediation. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12 (2). pp. 681-686.
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The present article describes a novel synthesis route for nano-sized goethite (α-FeOOH) using hydrazine sulphate as an additive. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) peaks of synthesized powder matched well with those of α-FeOOH. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed the particles of irregular shape in the range of 1-10 nm. Batch adsorption experiments for fluoride uptake were performed to study the influence of various experimental parameters such as contact time (10 min to 7 h), initial fluoride concentration (10-150 mg L-1), pH (2-11.6) and the presence of competing anions. The time data fitted well to pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The fluoride removal passed through broad maxima in pH ranges of 6-8. High adsorption capacity of 59 mg g-1 goethite was obtained. The isothermic data fitted well to Freundlich model. The presence of other ions namely chloride and sulphate adversely affected fluoride removal. Fluoride from contaminated water sample could be successfully brought down from 10.25 to 0.5 mg L-1.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Chemical and Mathematical Science|
|Copyright:||© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009.|
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