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Direct oxygen uptake from air by novel glycogen accumulating organism dominated biofilm minimizes excess sludge production

Hossain, M.I., Paparini, A. and Cord-Ruwisch, R. (2018) Direct oxygen uptake from air by novel glycogen accumulating organism dominated biofilm minimizes excess sludge production. Science of The Total Environment, 640-641 . pp. 80-88.

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Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.292
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Abstract

The cost associated with treatment and disposal of excess sludge produced is one of the greatest operational expenses in wastewater treatment plants. In this study, we quantify and explain greatly reduced excess sludge production in the novel glycogen accumulating organism (GAO) dominated drained biofilm system previously shown to be capable of extremely energy efficient removal of organic carbon (biological oxygen demand or BOD) from wastewater. The average excess sludge production rate was 0.05 g VSS g−1 BOD (acetate) removed, which is about 9-times lower than that of comparative studies using the same acetate based synthetic wastewater. The substantially lower sludge yield was attributed to a number of features such as the high oxygen consumption facilitated by direct oxygen uptake from air, high biomass content (21.41 g VSS L−1 of reactor), the predominance of the GAO (Candidatus competibacter) with a low growth yield and the overwhelming presence of the predatory protozoa (Tetramitus) in the biofilm. Overall, the combination of low-energy requirement for air supply (no compressed air supply) and the low excess sludge production rate, could make this novel “GAO drained biofilm” process one of the most economical ways of biological organic carbon removal from wastewater.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/41052
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