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Re-visiting the Phostrip process to recover phosphorus from municipal wastewater

Salehi, S., Cheng, K.Y., Heitz, A. and Ginige, M.P. (2018) Re-visiting the Phostrip process to recover phosphorus from municipal wastewater. Chemical Engineering Journal, 343 . pp. 390-398.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2018.02.074
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Abstract

This study examined an innovative approach to make use of the Phostrip process to recover phosphorus (P) from municipal wastewater. Returned activated sludge (RAS) from a municipal wastewater treatment plant was systematically studied to examine P release kinetics of RAS in a recovery stream that contained high concentrations of phosphate (PO43−-P). Findings suggested that the specific P release rate in RAS declined with increasing concentration of PO43−-P in the recovery stream. However, there was a strong positive linear correlation between acetate consumed and P released by the RAS (Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient [r = 0.98, n = 45, p < 0.005]). The data also suggest that acetate concentration in the recovery stream was not a factor in the observed reduction of specific P release rate with increasing PO43−-P in the recovery stream. When P release rates (poly-P hydrolysis rate) at different initial P concentrations were modelled using a modified Michaelis-Menten equation, a good fit was achieved between the experimental and the modelled data. According to the model, the maximum specific P release rate (18 mg-P/g-MLSS.h) halved when PO43−-P concentration in the recovery stream reached approximately 83 mg-P/L. Additionally, the RAS demonstrated a Prelease/Cacetate uptake molar ratio of approximately 0.5. An application of the derived P release kinetics into an innovative side stream process configuration showed that a Phostrip tank with a small footprint (9 m3) is sufficient to facilitate P recovery from a wastewater treatment plant that receives 61 ML/d of influent.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Engineering and Information Technology
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/40494
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