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Multistage leaching of metals from spent lithium ion battery waste using electrochemically generated acidic lixiviant

Boxall, N.J., Adamek, N., Cheng, K.Y., Haque, N., Bruckard, W. and Kaksonen, A.H. (2018) Multistage leaching of metals from spent lithium ion battery waste using electrochemically generated acidic lixiviant. Waste Management, 74 . pp. 435-445.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.12.033
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Abstract

Lithium ion battery (LIB) waste contains significant valuable resources that could be recovered and reused to manufacture new products. This study aimed to develop an alternative process for extracting metals from LIB waste using acidic solutions generated by electrolysis for leaching. Results showed that solutions generated by electrolysis of 0.5 M NaCl at 8 V with graphite or mixed metal oxide (MMO) electrodes were weakly acidic and leach yields obtained under single stage (batch) leaching were poor (<10%). This was due to the highly acid-consuming nature of the battery waste. Multistage leaching with the graphite electrolyte solution improved leach yields overall, but the electrodes corroded over time. Though yields obtained with both electrolyte leach solutions were low when compared to the 4 M HCl control, there still remains potential to optimise the conditions for the generation of the acidic anolyte solution and the solubilisation of valuable metals from the LIB waste. A preliminary value proposition indicated that the process has the potential to be economically feasible if leach yields can be improved, especially based on the value of recoverable cobalt and lithium.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Engineering and Information Technology
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2017 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/40037
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