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Haematozoa of wild catfishes in northern Australia

Kelly, E., Barbosa, A.D., Gibson-Kueh, S. and Lymbery, A.J. (2018) Haematozoa of wild catfishes in northern Australia. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 7 (1). pp. 12-17.

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Abstract

Very little is known about the diversity, prevalence, or pathogenicity of haematozoa in Australian freshwater fishes. Blood smears from 189 native catfishes, of six different species, from northern Australia were examined for haematozoa. Haematozoan infections were observed only in fishes from Queensland, at an overall prevalence of 0.191 (95% CI = 0.134–0.265). Intraerythrocytic haemogregarines were present in Neoarius graeffei from the Brisbane River at a prevalence of 0.35 (0.181–0.567). Trypanosomes were present in Tandanus species from four rivers, at prevalences ranging from 0.111 (0.020–0.330) to 1 (0.635–1), and in N. graeffei from one river in Queensland, at a prevalence of 0.063 (0.003–0.305). The haematozoans observed appeared to have little impact on their hosts. Tandanus spp. were significantly more likely to be infected with trypanosomes, suggesting a high parasite-host specificity. This is the first widespread survey of wild Australian freshwater catfishes for haematozoa, resulting in the first report of haemogregarines from Australian freshwater fish, and the first report of trypanosomes from Neoarius graeffei and Tandanus tropicanus.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Centre for Fish and Fisheries Research
Freshwater Fish Group & Fish Health Unit
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Copyright: © 2017 The Authors
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/39983
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