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Rapid start-up of a bioelectrochemical system under alkaline and saline conditions for efficient oxalate removal

Weerasinghe Mohottige, T.N., Ginige, M.P., Kaksonen, A.H., Sarukkalige, R. and Cheng, K.Y. (2018) Rapid start-up of a bioelectrochemical system under alkaline and saline conditions for efficient oxalate removal. Bioresource Technology, 250 . pp. 317-327.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.11.009
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Abstract

This study examined a new approach for starting up a bioelectrochemical system (BES) for oxalate removal from an alkaline (pH > 12) and saline (NaCl 25 g/L) liquor. An oxalotrophic biofilm pre-grown aerobically onto granular graphite carriers was used directly as both the microbial inoculum and the BES anode. At anode potential of +200 mV (Ag/AgCl) the biofilm readily switched from using oxygen to graphite as sole electron acceptor for oxalate oxidation. BES performance was characterised at various hydraulic retention times (HRTs, 3–24 h), anode potentials (−600 to +200 mV vs. Ag/AgCl) and influent oxalate (25 mM) to acetate (0–30 mM) ratios. Maximum current density recorded was 363 A/m3 at 3 h HRT with a high coulombic efficiency (CE) of 70%. The biofilm could concurrently degrade acetate and oxalate (CE 80%) without apparent preference towards acetate. Pyro-sequencing analysis revealed that known oxalate degraders Oxalobacteraceae became abundant signifying their role in this novel bioprocess.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Engineering and Information Technology
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/39773
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