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Rickettsia gravesii sp. nov.: a novel spotted fever group rickettsia in Western Australian Amblyomma triguttatum triguttatum ticks

Abdad, M.Y., Abdallah, R.A., Karkouri, K.E., Beye, M., Stenos, J., Owen, H., Unsworth, N., Robertson, I., Blacksell, S.D., Nguyen, T-T, Nappez, C., Raoult, D., Fenwick, S. and Fournier, P-E (2017) Rickettsia gravesii sp. nov.: a novel spotted fever group rickettsia in Western Australian Amblyomma triguttatum triguttatum ticks. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 67 (9). pp. 3156-3161.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.001865
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Abstract

A rickettsial organism harboured by Amblyomma triguttatum ticks on Barrow Island, Western Australia, was discovered after reports of possible rickettsiosis among local workers. Subsequent isolation of this rickettsia (strain BWI-1) in cell culture and analysis of its phylogenetic, genotypic and phenotypic relationships with type strains of Rickettsia species with standing in nomenclature suggested that it was sufficiently divergent to warrant its classification as a new species. Multiple gene comparison of strain BWI-1 revealed degrees of sequence similarity with Rickettsia raoultii, its closest relative, of 99.58, 98.89, 97.03, 96.93 and 95.73% for the 16S rRNA, citrate synthase, ompA, ompB and sca4 genes, respectively. Serotyping in mice also demonstrated that strain BWI-1T was distinct from Rickettsia raoultii. Thus, we propose the naming of a new species, Rickettsia gravesii sp. nov., based on its novel genotypic and phenotypic characteristics. Strain BWI-1T was deposited in the ATCC, CSUR and ARRL collections under reference numbers VR-1664, CSUR R172 and RGBWI-1, respectively.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Society for General Microbiology
Copyright: © 2017 IUMS.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/38624
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