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Bioelectrochemical oxidation of organics by alkali-halotolerant anodophilic biofilm under nitrogen-deficient, alkaline and saline conditions

Mohottige, T.N.W., Ginige, M.P., Kaksonen, A.H., Sarukkalige, R. and Cheng, K.Y. (2017) Bioelectrochemical oxidation of organics by alkali-halotolerant anodophilic biofilm under nitrogen-deficient, alkaline and saline conditions. Bioresource Technology, 245 . pp. 890-898.

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Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2017.08.157
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Abstract

This work aimed to study the feasibility of using bioelectrochemical systems (BES) for organics removal under alkaline-saline and nitrogen (N) deficient conditions. Two BES inoculated with activated sludge were examined for organics (oxalate, acetate, formate) oxidation under alkaline-saline (pH 9.5, 25 g/L NaCl) and N deficient conditions. One reactor (R1) received ammonium chloride as an N-source, while the other (R2) without. The reactors were initially loaded with only oxalate (25 mM), but start-up was achieved only when acetate was added as co-substrate (5 mM). Maximum current were R1: 908 A/m3 (organic removal rate (ORR) 4.61 kg COD/m3·d) and R2: 540 A/m3 (ORR 2.06 kg COD/m3·d). Formate was utilised by both anodic biofilms, but the inefficient oxalate removal was likely due to the paucity of microorganisms that catalyse decarboxylation of oxalate into formate. Further development of this promising technology for the treatment of alkaline-saline wastewater is warranted.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Engineering and Information Technology
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/38599
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