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Pastinachus ater, Cowtail Stingray. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T70682232A70708697

Morgan, D.L., White, W.T. and Manjaji Matsumoto, B.M. (2016) Pastinachus ater, Cowtail Stingray. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T70682232A70708697. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

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Abstract

The Cowtail Stingray (Pastinachus ater) occurs across northern Australia, Papua New Guinea, West Papua, Indonesia, and parts of the Solomon Islands, where it lives in intertidal lagoons, reef flats and reef faces, sandy habitats and estuaries at depths of up to 60 m, although it prefers shallow water.

This species is caught regularly in demersal tangle net, bottom trawl, longline, Danish seine and beach seine fisheries throughout its range. In the Arafura Sea, the Indonesian rhynchobatid fishery is very intensive and the level of exploitation is extremely high. Catches in inshore waters of the Arafura Sea have declined, and as a result these vessels have had to travel farther distances to sustain catches. This declining trend is likely to continue in future in the absence of management and because of continued, if not increasing, fishing effort. However, heavy fishing pressure in the Arafura Sea represents only a portion of this species' total range. It is considered common and the population appears to be healthy in northern Australia where fisheries are well-managed and effective gear modifications exclude large stingrays in prawn trawl fisheries. Furthermore, it occurs in some significant marine protected areas in Australian waters, including the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. On account of its status in Australian waters, which represents a large portion of its range, it is assessed as Least Concern.

Publication Type: Report
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
Copyright: © 2016 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/38246
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