Catalog Home Page

Soil moisture affects disease severity and colonisation of wheat roots by Rhizoctonia solani AG-8

Gill, J.S., Sivasithamparam, K. and Smettem, K.R.J. (2001) Soil moisture affects disease severity and colonisation of wheat roots by Rhizoctonia solani AG-8. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 33 (10). pp. 1363-1370.

Link to Published Version: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0038-0717(01)00041-4
*Subscription may be required

Abstract

Experiments were conducted to study how the soil moisture affects rhizoctonia root rot of wheat, colonisation of root by Rhizoctonia sotani AG-8, spread of fungus in the soil and microbial activity of soil. Four soil moisture levels ranging from 15 to 75% water-holding capacity of a sandy soil at saturation, which equated to a soil water potential range of -10 to -3 kPa, were tested. It was found that the disease severity decreased up to 69%, as the soil became wetter. The soil moisture status at and above 20% WHC however, did not significantly affect the spread of the fungus in soil. Colonisation of roots by young unpigmented hyphae of the fungus diminished with increasing soil moisture, from 80% of root length colonised under relatively dry conditions (15% WHC) to 20-25% under wet conditions (75% WHC). Soil microbial activity increased with increasing soil moisture and may be associated with suppression of pathogen activity through competition.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/38125
Item Control Page Item Control Page