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Hydrogen Abstraction from Hydrocarbons by NH2

Siddique, K., Altarawneh, M., Gore, J., Westmoreland, P.R. and Dlugogorski, B.Z. (2017) Hydrogen Abstraction from Hydrocarbons by NH2. The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 121 (11). pp. 2221-2231.

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This contribution investigates thermokinetic parameters of bimolecular gas-phase reactions involving the amine (NH2) radical and a large number of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. These reactions play an important role in combustion and pyrolysis of nitrogen-rich fuels, most notably biomass. Computations performed at the CBS-QB3 level and based on the conventional transition-state theory yield potential-energy surfaces and reaction rate constants, accounting for tunnelling effects and the presence of hindered rotors. In an analogy to other H abstraction systems, we demonstrate only a small influence of variational effects on the rate constants for selected reaction. The studied reactions cover the abstraction of hydrogen atoms by the NH2 radical from the C–H bonds in C1–C4 species, and four C5 hydrocarbons of 2-methylbutane, 2-methyl-1-butene, 3-methyl-1-butene, 3-methyl-2-butene, and 3-methyl-1-butyne. For the abstraction of H from methane, in the temperature windows 300–500 and 1600–2000 K, the calculated reaction rate constants concur with the available experimental measurements, i.e., kcalculated/kexperimetal = 0.3–2.5 and 1.1–1.4, and the previous theoretical estimates. Abstraction of H atom from ethane attains the ratio of kcalculated/kexperimetal equal to 0.10–1.2 and 1.3–1.5 over the temperature windows of available experimental measurements, i.e., 300–900 K and 1500–2000 K, respectively. For the remaining alkanes (propane and n-butane), the average kexperimental/kcalculated ratio remains 2.6 and 1.3 over the temperature range of experimental data. Also, comparing the calculated standard enthalpy of reaction (ΔrH°298) with the available experimental measurements for alkanes, we found the mean unsigned error of computations as 3.7 kJ mol–1. This agreement provides an accuracy benchmark of our methodology, affording the estimation of the unreported kinetic parameters for H abstractions from alkenes and alkynes. On the basis of the Evans–Polanyi plots, calculated bond dissociation enthalpies (BDHs) correlate linearly with the standard enthalpy of activation (Δ⧧H°298), allowing estimation of the enthalpy barrier for reaction of NH2 with other hydrocarbons in future work. Finally, we develop six sets of the generalized Arrhenius rate parameters for H abstractions from different C–H bond types. These parameters extend the application of the present results to any noncyclic hydrocarbon interacting with the NH2 radical.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Engineering and Information Technology
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Copyright: © 2017 American Chemical Society
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