Catalog Home Page

Goal neglect, fluid intelligence and processing speed: Manipulating instruction load and inter-stimulus interval

Iveson, M.H., Della Sala, S., Anderson, M. and MacPherson, S.E. (2017) Goal neglect, fluid intelligence and processing speed: Manipulating instruction load and inter-stimulus interval. Acta Psychologica, 176 . pp. 1-10.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2017.03.003
*Subscription may be required

Abstract

Goal maintenance is the process where task rules and instructions are kept active to exert their control on behavior. When this process fails, an individual may ignore a rule while performing the task, despite being able to describe it after task completion. Previous research has suggested that the goal maintenance system is limited by the number of concurrent rules which can be maintained during a task, and that this limit is dependent on an individual's level of fluid intelligence. However, the speed at which an individual can process information may also limit their ability to use task rules when the task demands them. In the present study, four experiments manipulated the number of instructions to be maintained by younger and older adults and examined whether performance on a rapid letter-monitoring task was predicted by individual differences in fluid intelligence or processing speed. Fluid intelligence played little role in determining how frequently rules were ignored during the task, regardless of the number of rules to be maintained. In contrast, processing speed predicted the rate of goal neglect in older adults, where increasing the presentation rate of the letter-monitoring task increased goal neglect. These findings suggest that goal maintenance may be limited by the speed at which it can operate.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Psychology and Exercise Science
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: © 2017
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/36322
Item Control Page Item Control Page