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Genomic heterogeneity and prevalence of hepandensovirus in Penaeus esculentus from Western Australia, and P. merguiensis from the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia

Walsh, R., La Fauce, K., Crockford, M., Jones, B. and Owens, L. (2017) Genomic heterogeneity and prevalence of hepandensovirus in Penaeus esculentus from Western Australia, and P. merguiensis from the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. Aquaculture, 471 . pp. 43-48.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2017.01.00...
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Abstract

Decapod Hepandensovirus 1 (HDV), formerly known as hepatopancreatic parvovirus, has been associated with stunting, lowered production and outright mortalities in prawns in aquaculture. Despite the fact that broodstock are sourced and aquaculture farms are planned in the regions of northern and Western Australia, data on these parvoviruses from this region are limited. The prevalence of HDV in Penaeus esculentus and Penaeus merguiensis is moderate (34–51%) in southern Western Australia, Exmouth Gulf and the Gulf of Carpentaria but statistically higher (P < 0.05) in Shark Bay (82%). We speculate this is due to the topography of Shark Bay combined with the currents of the Indian Ocean gyre (IOG). Despite an on average 8–12% genomic heterogeneity, the nucleotide sequences of HDV in WA most closely align with HDV in regions associated with the IOG; Thailand, India, Tanzania, Madagascar; eastern Asia, Korea and less commonly, with sequences from the eastern coast of Australia. This potentially changes the paradigm of a single strain of HDV being ubiquitous in Australia and there was little risk in moving broodstock from WA to the eastern states, so there was no testing of broodstock for HDV. There is no strong evidence to clarify whether the strain of HDV in WA P. esculentus came from either its’ nearest genetic relatives, P. monodon or P. semisulcatus or from P. merguiensis from the Solanderian province of Australia. P. esculentus HDV appears to be most related to strains within the IOG. The HDV nucleotide heterogeneity of wild prawns contrasts strongly to studies undertaken with prawns from aquaculture where genetic selection may have occurred.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Copyright: © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/35270
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