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Assessing satellite-based and aircraft-based thermal infrared remote sensing for monitoring pacific northwest river temperature

Cherkauer, K.A., Burges, S.J., Handcock, R.N., Kay, J.E., Kampf, S.K. and Gillespie, A.R. (2005) Assessing satellite-based and aircraft-based thermal infrared remote sensing for monitoring pacific northwest river temperature. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 41 (5). pp. 1149-1159.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-1688.2005.tb03790...
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Abstract

One central issue affecting the health of native fish species in the Pacific Northwest is water temperature. In situ observation methods monitor point temperatures, while thermal infrared (TIR) remote sensing captures spatial variations. Satellite-based TIR sensors have the ability to view large regions in an instant. Four Pacific Northwest river reaches were selected to test the ability of both satellite-based and moderate resolution aircraft-based TIR remote sensing products to measure river temperatures. Images with resolutions of 5, 15, and 90 meters were compared with instream temperature observations to assess how along stream radiant temperatures are affected by resolution, reach width, and sensor platform. Where the stream reach can be resolved by the sensor, all sensors obtain water temperatures within ±2°C of instream observations. Along stream temperature variations of up to ±5°C were also observed. Trends were similar between two sets of TIR images taken several hours apart, indicating that the sensors are observing actual temperature patterns from the river surface. If sensor resolution is sufficient to obtain fully resolved water pixels in the river reach, accurate temperatures and spatial patterns can be observed. The current generation of satellite-based TIR sensors is, however, only able to resolve about 6 percent of all Washington reaches listed as thermally impaired.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Wiley
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/35223
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