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Cell-type specific H+-ATPase activity enables root K+ retention and mediates acclimation to salinity

Shabala, L., Zhang, J., Pottosin, I.I., Bose, J., Zhu, M., Fuglsang, A.T., Velarde-Buendia, A., Massart, A., Hill, C.B., Roessner, U., Bacic, A., Wu, H., Azzarello, E., Pandolfi, C., Zhou, M., Poschenrieder, C., Mancuso, S. and Shabala, S. (2016) Cell-type specific H+-ATPase activity enables root K+ retention and mediates acclimation to salinity. Plant Physiology . In Press.

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Abstract

While the importance of cell-type specificity in plant adaptive responses is widely accepted, only a limited number of studies have addressed this issue at the functional level. We have combined electrophysiological, imaging, and biochemical techniques to reveal physiological mechanisms conferring higher sensitivity of apical root cells to salinity in barley. We show that salinity application to the root apex arrests root growth in a highly tissue- and treatment-specific manner. Although salinity-induced transient net Na+ uptake was about 4-fold higher in the root apex compared with the mature zone, mature root cells accumulated more cytosolic and vacuolar Na+ suggesting that higher sensitivity of apical cells to salt is not related to either enhanced Na+ exclusion or sequestration inside the root. Rather, the above differential sensitivity between the two zones originates from a 10-fold difference in K+ efflux between the mature zone and the apical region (much poorer in the root apex) of the root. Major factors contributing to this poor K+ retention ability are: (1) an intrinsically lower H+-ATPase activity in the root apex; (2) greater salt-induced membrane depolarization and (3) a higher ROS production under NaCl and a larger density of ROS-activated cation currents in the apex. Salinity treatment increased (2 to 5 fold) the content of 10 (out of 25 detected) amino acids in the root apex but not in the mature zone and changed the organic acid and sugar contents. The causal link between observed changes in the root metabolic profile and regulation of transporters activity is discussed.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: American Society of Plant Biologists
Copyright: © 2016 American Society of Plant Biologists
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/34125
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