Catalog Home Page

Distribution of 13 virulence genes among clinical and environmental Aeromonas spp. in Western Australia

Aravena-Román, M., Inglis, T.J.J., Riley, T.V. and Chang, B.J. (2014) Distribution of 13 virulence genes among clinical and environmental Aeromonas spp. in Western Australia. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, 33 (11). pp. 1889-1895.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10096-014-2157-0
*Subscription may be required

Abstract

We evaluated the pathogenic potential of 98 clinical and 31 environmental Aeromonas isolates by detecting the presence of 13 virulence genes using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method. The majority (96 %) of the strains contained at least one of the virulence genes. The overall distribution was aerA/haem (77 %), alt (53 %), lafA (51 %), ast (39 %), flaA (32 %), aspA (29 %), vasH (26 %), ascV (16 %) and aexT (13 %). No amplification products were detected for the genes encoding a bundle-forming pilus (BfpA and BfpG) or a Shiga-like toxin (stx-1 and stx-2). Five or more virulence genes were detected in 42 % of environmental and 24 % of clinical isolates. Among the major species, 48 % of A. hydrophila and 42 % of A. dhakensis isolates harboured five or more virulence genes compared with 19 % in A. veronii bv. sobria and none in A. caviae isolates. Our results suggest that, in Western Australia, strains of A. dhakensis and A. hydrophila are potentially more virulent than those of A. veronii bv. sobria and A. caviae, although the pathogenic potential of Aeromonas spp. is probably strain- rather than species-dependent.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Copyright: © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/33817
Item Control Page Item Control Page