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Equine pulmonary Cryptococcosis: A comparative literature review and evaluation of fluconazole monotherapy

Secombe, C.J., Lester, G.D. and Krockenberger, M.B. (2016) Equine pulmonary Cryptococcosis: A comparative literature review and evaluation of fluconazole monotherapy. Mycopathologia, In press .

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11046-016-0065-9
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Abstract

Cryptococcus is the most common fungal respiratory pathogen in Australian horses, manifesting primarily as pulmonary granulomas. Disease severity at presentation is dependent on the athletic use of the horse. The diagnosis and estimation of disease severity are centred around clinical findings, cytological evaluation of respiratory tract secretions, diagnostic imaging, and antigen titre testing. Both the lateral flow assay and the latex cryptococcal antigen titre are used, and important similarities and differences between species are discussed. Cryptococcus gattii occurs with greater frequency than Cryptococcus neoformans in equine pulmonic cryptococcosis and can be successfully treated with enteral fluconazole monotherapy, with disease severity determining treatment length.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Copyright: © 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/33756
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