Treatment and outcomes in necrotising autoimmune myopathy: an australian perspective
Ashton, C., Junckerstorff, R.C., Bundell, C., Hollingsworth, P. and Needham, M. (2016) Treatment and outcomes in necrotising autoimmune myopathy: an australian perspective. Neuromuscular Disorders, 26 (11). pp. 734-740.
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Necrotising Autoimmune Myopathy (NAM) presents as a subacute proximal myopathy with high creatine kinase levels. It is associated with statin exposure, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR) antibody, connective tissue diseases, signal recognition particle (SRP) antibody and malignancy. This case series presents our Western Australian NAM patient cohort: comparing the subgroup presentations, biopsy appearance and treatment outcomes. We retrospectively collected data on patients diagnosed with NAM at the Western Australian Neuroscience Research Institute between the years 2000 and 2015. We identified 20 patients with Necrotising Autoimmune Myopathy: 14 with anti-HMGCR antibodies; two with anti-SRP antibodies; three with connective tissue disease; two as yet unspecified. Median creatine kinase level was 6047units/L (range 1000–17000). The statin naïve patients with HMGCR antibodies and patients with SRP antibodies were the most severely affected subgroups, with higher creatine kinase levels, and were more resistant to immunotherapy. Two or more immunotherapy agents were required in 90%; eight patients required IVIG and rituximab. Steroid weaning commonly precipitated relapses. Four patients had complete remission, and the remaining patients still require immunotherapy. Necrotising Autoimmune Myopathy is a potentially treatable myopathy, which can be precipitated by statin therapy and requires early, aggressive immunotherapy, usually requiring multiple steroid sparing agents for successful steroid weaning.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Health Professions|
|Copyright:||© 2016 Elsevier B.V.|
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