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Self-representation in sport: Initial development of a scale for measuring athletes' competitive self-presentation concerns

Williams, M., Hudson, J. and Lawson, R.J. (1999) Self-representation in sport: Initial development of a scale for measuring athletes' competitive self-presentation concerns. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 27 (5). pp. 487-502.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1999.27.5.487
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Abstract

Self-Presentation theory explains some of the underpinnings of anxiety/stress in competitive sport (Leary, 1992). James and Collins (1997) revealed that Competitive Self-Presentation Concerns (CSPC) are implicated in some competitive anxiety/stress experienced by athletes. Measures are therefore needed to assess athletes' CSPC. This study's aim was to develop such a tool. Four subscales were proposed and were supported by a confirmatory factor analysis (GFI = 0.92). These were as follows: concern over the impression made on others; fear of appearing incompetent; concern over current form, and fear of appearing unable to cope with pressure. The scale's temporal stability and internal consistency were acceptable – but limited convergent validity was demonstrated. Recommendations are made for the scale's application and further development.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Society for Personality Research
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/33092
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