Enrichment of anodophilic nitrogen fixing bacteria in a bioelectrochemical system
Wong, P.Y., Cheng, K.Y., Kaksonen, A.H., Sutton, D.C. and Ginige, M.P. (2014) Enrichment of anodophilic nitrogen fixing bacteria in a bioelectrochemical system. Water Research, 64 . pp. 73-81.
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We demonstrated the ability of a bio-anode to fix dinitrogen (N2), and confirmed that diazotrophs can be used to treat N-deficient wastewater in a bioelectrochemical system (BES). A two-compartment BES was fed with an N-deficient medium containing glucose for >200 days. The average glucose and COD removal at an anodic potential of +200 mV vs. Ag/AgCl was 100% and 76%, respectively. Glucose removal occurred via fermentation under open circuit (OC), with acetate as the key byproduct. Closing circuit remarkably reduced acetate accumulation, suggesting the biofilm could oxidise acetate under N-deficient conditions. Nitrogen fixation required an anode and glucose; removing either reduced N2 fixation significantly. This suggests that diazotroph utilised glucose directly at the anode or indirectly through syntrophic interaction of an N2-fixing fermenter and an anodophile. The enriched biofilm was dominated (68%) by the genus Clostridium, members of which are known to be electrochemically active and capable of fixing N2.
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