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Biological phosphorus and nitrogen removal in sequencing batch reactors: Effects of cycle length, dissolved oxygen concentration and influent particulate matter

Ginige, M.P., Kayaalp, A.S., Cheng, K.Y., Wylie, J. and Kaksonen, A.H. (2013) Biological phosphorus and nitrogen removal in sequencing batch reactors: Effects of cycle length, dissolved oxygen concentration and influent particulate matter. Water Science & Technology, 68 (5). pp. 982-990.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.2013.324
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Abstract

Removal of phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) from municipal wastewaters is required to mitigate eutrophication of receiving water bodies. While most treatment plants achieve good N removal using influent carbon (C), the use of influent C to facilitate enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) is poorly explored. A number of operational parameters can facilitate optimum use of influent C and this study investigated the effects of cycle length, dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration during aerobic period and influent solids on biological P and N removal in sequencing batch reactors (SRBs) using municipal wastewaters. Increasing cycle length from 3 to 6 h increased P removal efficiency, which was attributed to larger portion of N being removed via nitrite pathway and more biodegradable organic C becoming available for EBPR. Further increasing cycle length from 6 to 8 h decreased P removal efficiencies as the demand for biodegradable organic C for denitrification increased as a result of complete nitrification. Decreasing DO concentration in the aerobic period from 2 to 0.8 mg L(-1) increased P removal efficiency but decreased nitrification rates possibly due to oxygen limitation. Further, sedimented wastewater was proved to be a better influent stream than non-sedimented wastewater possibility due to the detrimental effect of particulate matter on biological nutrient removal.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: International Water Association Publishing
Copyright: © 2013 IWA Publishing
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/33021
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