Voltage unbalance reduction in low voltage feeders by dynamic switching of residential customers among three phases
Shahnia, F., Wolfs, P. and Ghosh, A. (2013) Voltage unbalance reduction in low voltage feeders by dynamic switching of residential customers among three phases. In: 2013 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, 21 - 25 July 2013, Vancouver, BC Canada
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Low voltage distribution feeders with large numbers of single phase residential loads experience severe current unbalance that often causes voltage unbalance problems. The addition of intermittent generation and new loads in the form of roof top photovoltaic generation and electric vehicles makes these problems even more acute. In this paper, an intelligent dynamic residential load transfer scheme is proposed. Residential loads can be transferred from one phase to another phase to minimize the voltage unbalance along the feeder. Each house is supplied through a static transfer switch with three-phase input and single-phase output connection. The main controller, installed at the transformer will observe the power consumption in each load and determine which house(s) should be transferred from one phase to another in order to keep the voltage unbalance in the feeder at a minimum. The efficacy of the proposed load transfer scheme is verified through MATLAB and PSCAD/EMTDC simulations.
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