The economic causes and consequences of the Bougainville crisis
Thompson, H. (1991) The economic causes and consequences of the Bougainville crisis. Resources Policy, 17 (1). pp. 69-85.
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Papua New Guinea has, until most recently, shown all the signs of a newly independent developing economy on the move. However, since November 1988 the nation has been overshadowed by the most serious national crisis since independence in 1975. The crisis has come in the form of a rebellion in the North Solomons Province, one of the wealthiest provinces in the nation and home of one of the largest copper mines in the world. The copper mine has closed; the island is under the control of the Bougainville Revolutionary Army; the national government has lost royalties from a mine which has provided 44% of its exports and 16% of its gross domestic product since 1972; and over a hundred Papua New Guineans have lost their lives in battle. This paper attempts to provide an insight into the causes and consequences of a rebellion which, if not successfully resolved, could set back the development potential of this small resource rich nation by a generation.
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