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Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, Coping Styles, and Personality Dimensions in People With Substance Use Disorders

Unterrainer, H-F, Lewis, A., Collicutt, J. and Fink, A. (2013) Religious/Spiritual Well-Being, Coping Styles, and Personality Dimensions in People With Substance Use Disorders. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 23 (3). pp. 204-213.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10508619.2012.714999
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Abstract

Religiosity and spirituality have been found to be negatively associated with a range of addictions. It has been suggested that religious/spiritual well-being might play an important role in the development, course, and recovery from addictive disorders. A sample of addiction in-patients (N = 389) was assessed using the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being (MI-RSWB) and compared with a matched group of nonaddicted community controls (N = 389). RSWB was found to be substantially lower in people with substance use disorders compared to the normal sample. Discriminate functional analysis showed that Experiences of Sense and Meaning, General Religiosity, and Forgiveness were the dimensions of RSWB that strongly distinguished the groups. Within the group of people with substance use disorders, RSWB was strongly positively associated with the personality dimensions of Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, and Openness as well as Sense of Coherence and positive Coping styles. The study suggests that therapeutic intervention programs focusing on building a positive and meaningful personal framework, akin to that of a religious/spiritual orientation, may contribute to positive outcomes in addiction treatment.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/30833
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