Robust pore size analysis of filamentous networks from Three-Dimensional confocal microscopy
Mickel, W., Münster, S., Jawerth, L.M., Vader, D.A., Weitz, D.A., Sheppard, A.P., Mecke, K., Fabry, B. and Schröder-Turk, G.E. (2008) Robust pore size analysis of filamentous networks from Three-Dimensional confocal microscopy. Biophysical Journal, 95 (12). pp. 6072-6080.
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We describe a robust method for determining morphological properties of filamentous biopolymer networks, such as collagen or other connective tissue matrices, from confocal microscopy image stacks. Morphological properties including pore size distributions and percolation thresholds are important for transport processes, e.g., particle diffusion or cell migration through the extracellular matrix. The method is applied to fluorescently labeled fiber networks prepared from rat-tail tendon and calf-skin collagen, at concentrations of 1.2, 1.6, and 2.4 mg/ml. The collagen fibers form an entangled and branched network. The medial axes, or skeletons, representing the collagen fibers are extracted from the image stack by threshold intensity segmentation and distance-ordered homotopic thinning. The size of the fluid pores as defined by the radii of largest spheres that fit into the cavities between the collagen fibers is derived from Euclidean distance maps and maximal covering radius transforms of the fluid phase. The size of the largest sphere that can traverse the fluid phase between the collagen fibers across the entire probe, called the percolation threshold, was computed for both horizontal and vertical directions. We demonstrate that by representing the fibers as the medial axis the derived morphological network properties are both robust against changes of the value of the segmentation threshold intensity and robust to problems associated with the point-spread function of the imaging system. We also provide empirical support for a recent claim that the percolation threshold of a fiber network is close to the fiber diameter for which the Euler index of the networks becomes zero.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Copyright:||© 2008 The Biophysical Society|
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