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Mesorhizobium waimense sp. nov. isolated from Sophora longicarinata root nodules and Mesorhizobium cantuariense sp. nov. isolated from Sophora microphylla root nodules

De Meyer, S.E., Willems, A., Tan, H.W., Andrews, M. and Heenan, P.B. (2015) Mesorhizobium waimense sp. nov. isolated from Sophora longicarinata root nodules and Mesorhizobium cantuariense sp. nov. isolated from Sophora microphylla root nodules. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 65 (10). pp. 3419-3426.

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Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.000430
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Abstract

In total 14 strains of Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacteria were isolated from Sophora longicarinata and Sophora microphylla root nodules and authenticated as rhizobia on these hosts. Based on the 16S rRNA gene phylogeny, they were shown to belong to the genus Mesorhizobium, and the strains from S. longicarinata were most closely related to Mesorhizobium amorphae ACCC 19665(T) (99.8-99.9 %), Mesorhizobium huakuii IAM 14158(T) (99.8-99.9 %), Mesorhizobium loti USDA 3471(T) (99.5-99.9 %) and Mesorhizobium septentrionale SDW 014(T) (99.6-99.8 %), whilst the strains from S. microphylla were most closely related to Mesorhizobium ciceri UPM-Ca7(T) (99.8-99.9 %), Mesorhizobium qingshengii CCBAU 33460(T) (99.7 %) and Mesorhizobium shangrilense CCBAU 65327(T) (99.6 %). Additionally, these strains formed two distinct groups in phylogenetic trees of the housekeeping genes glnll, recA and rpoB. Chemotaxonomic data, including fatty acid profiles, supported the assignment of the strains to the genus Mesorhizobium and allowed differentiation from the closest neighbours. Results of DNA-DNA hybridizations, MALDI- TOF MS analysis, ERIC-PCR, and physiological and biochemical tests allowed genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of our strains from their closest neighbouring species. Therefore, the strains isolated from S. longicarinata and S. microphylla represent two novel species for which the names Mesorhizobium waimense sp. nov. (ICMP 19557(T)=LMG 28228(T)=HAMBI 3608(T)) and Mesorhizobium cantuariense sp. nov. (ICMP 19515(T)=LMG 28225(T)=HAMBI 3604(T)), are proposed respectively.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: Centre for Rhizobium Studies
Publisher: Society for General Microbiology
Copyright: © 2015 IUMS
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/29611
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