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Assessing the policy constraints and limitations in state-led developing land policy in Myanmar: Using kingdon's multiple streams framework approach

Htun, Ei Hnun Phyu (2015) Assessing the policy constraints and limitations in state-led developing land policy in Myanmar: Using kingdon's multiple streams framework approach. Masters by Coursework thesis, Murdoch University.

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Abstract

Policy literature frames this research in order to investigate land use policy in Myanmar. Specifically, this paper draws on the multiple streams framework to explore how the Government of Myanmar defined the problem of land use. This project situates Myanmar as a nation in transition and it examines the development of the reformist administration through the introduction of the National Land Use Policy (NLUP) to improve land governance. The project argues that the process of policy development was captured by government policy entrepreneurs and ‘cronies’ who, in turn, set the policy agenda in ways that limited the views of traditional land users and failed to address land-use conflicts within the broader society. The project highlights the usefulness of multiple streams framework in examining land use policy in the context of a political transition. This project illustrates that the political changes in Myanmar constitute a ‘window of opportunity’ to germinate the new policy initiative, however the paper demonstrates the significant power of political cronies to influence the process. The project makes several recommendations to generate successful land reform in Myanmar; these include: reducing the influence of cronies in the political system, building institutional capacity and to learn successful strategies for land reform from neighbouring countries.

Publication Type: Thesis (Masters by Coursework)
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Management and Governance
Supervisor: Haigh, Yvonne
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/29397
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