Catalog Home Page

Baseline Examination Factors Associated With Clinical Improvement After Dry Needling in Individuals With Low Back Pain

Koppenhaver, S.L., Walker, M.J., Smith, R.W., Booker, J.M., Walkup, I.D., Su, J., Hebert, J.J. and Flynn, T. (2015) Baseline Examination Factors Associated With Clinical Improvement After Dry Needling in Individuals With Low Back Pain. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 45 (8). pp. 604-612.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2015.5801
*Subscription may be required

Abstract

Study Design
Quasi-experimental.

Objectives
To explore for associations between demographic, patient history, and physical examination variables and short-term improvement in self-reported disability following dry needling therapy performed on individuals with low back pain (LBP).

Background
Dry needling is an intervention used with increasing frequency in patients with LBP; however, the characteristics of patients who are most likely to respond are not known.

Methods
Seventy-two volunteers with mechanical LBP participated in the study. Potential prognostic factors were collected from baseline questionnaires, patient history, and physical examination tests. Treatment consisted of dry needling to the lumbar multifidus muscles bilaterally, administered during a single treatment session. Improvement was based on percent change on the Oswestry Disability Index at 1 week. The univariate and multivariate associations between 33 potential prognostic factors and improved disability were assessed with correlation coefficients and multivariate linear regression.

Results
Increased LBP with the multifidus lift test (rpb = 0.31, P = .01) or during passive hip flexion performed with the patient supine (rpb = 0.23, P = .06), as well as positive beliefs about acupuncture/dry needling (rho = 0.22, P = .07), demonstrated univariate associations with Oswestry Disability Index improvement. Aggravation of LBP with standing (rpb = −0.27, P = .03), presence of leg pain (rpb = −0.29, P = .02), and any perception of hypermobility in the lumbar spine (rpb = −0.21, P = .09) were associated with less improvement. The multivariate model identified 2 predictors of improved disability with dry needling: pain with the multifidus lift test and no aggravation with standing (R2 = 0.16, P = .01).

Conclusion
Increased LBP with the multifidus lift test was the strongest predictor of improved disability after dry needling, suggesting that the finding of pain during muscle contraction should be studied in future dry needling studies.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Psychology and Exercise Science
Publisher: American Physical Therapy Association * Orthopedic Section
Copyright: Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy
Publishers Website: http://www.jospt.org/
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/28240
Item Control Page Item Control Page