Substrate effect on the structural and electrochemical properties of electrolytic manganese dioxide deposited from sulphate solutions
Biswal, A., Singh, A., Tripathy, B.C., Sanjay, K., Subbaiah, T. and Mishra, B.K. (2014) Substrate effect on the structural and electrochemical properties of electrolytic manganese dioxide deposited from sulphate solutions. In: Hydrometallurgy 2014: 7th International Symposium on Hydrometallurgy, 22 - 25 June, Victoria, BC, Canada pp. 183-190.
We studied the effect of anode substrates such as pure lead (Pb), lead antimony (Pb-Sb), and lead-silver (Pb-Ag) on the structural and electrochemical properties of electrolytic manganese dioxide (EMD). X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), and chemical analyses were used to determine the structural and chemical characteristics of the EMD samples. The charge–discharge profile was studied in 9 M KOH using a galvanostatic charge-discharge unit. In all the substrates the current efficiencies were more than 99% except with Pb-Sb where it was 90%. Results revealed the nature of the substrate strongly affected the morphology of the deposited material which in turn affected the electrochemical properties of the EMD samples. XRD analyses revealed that the nature of the anode did not affect the crystal structure of the deposited EMD and all the samples were predominantly γ-MnO 2 , which is electrochemically active for energy storage applications. The EMD deposited on lead substrate showed superior discharge capacity of 245 mAhg -1 when compared with other substrates.
|Publication Type:||Conference Paper|
|Publisher:||Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum|
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