Influence of alternative alkali reagents on Fe removal during recovery of Mn as Electrolytic Manganese Dioxide (EMD) from Mn sludge
Biswal, A., Dash, B., Tripathy, B.C., Subbaiah, T., Shin, S.M., Sanjay, K. and Mishra, B.K. (2013) Influence of alternative alkali reagents on Fe removal during recovery of Mn as Electrolytic Manganese Dioxide (EMD) from Mn sludge. Hydrometallurgy, 140 . pp. 151-162.
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Flow sheet for recovery of Mn values from Mn sludge, a by-product obtained during processing of the Mn nodules through ammonia-ammonium sulphate-sulphur dioxide leaching process route as Electrolytic Manganese Dioxide (EMD) was developed. The unit operations include dissolution of Mn sludge with sulphuric acid in presence of activated charcoal, purification of liquor in two stages - removal of Fe by adjusting pH to ~ 4 followed by precipitation of other impurities as sulphides by addition of Na2S. The purified liquor was electrowinned for producing EMD. During first stage purification, Fe precipitation was carried out with CaO that resulted in loss of Mn due to its entrapment in the gypsum. The paper discusses use of alternative alkali reagents MgO and NaOH to minimise the Mn loss. Physico-electrochemical characteristics of the EMD produced from the purified MnSO4 solutions obtained by using CaO, MgO and NaOH for Fe removal during stage I purification and subsequent stage II purification of other impurities as sulphides was investigated and the discharge capacities of the EMD samples were found to be 267, 260 and 250 mAhg- 1 respectively
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