Importance of accurate dynamic polarizabilities for the ionic dispersion interactions of alkali halides
Parsons, D.F. and Ninham, B.W. (2010) Importance of accurate dynamic polarizabilities for the ionic dispersion interactions of alkali halides. Langmuir, 26 (3). pp. 1816-1823.
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Ab initio quantum mechanical calculations of the dynamic polarizability of alkali metal and halide ions are performed as a function of imaginary frequency. Electron correlation is shown to provide a significant correction to ionic polarizabilities. Ab initio ion-surface dispersion coefficients are compared, with single- and multimode London approximations. The commonly employed single-mode model with the characteristic frequency taken from the ionization potential of the ion is shown to be inadequate, underestimating dispersion forces with an average error around 40% or as high as 80% for halide ions. Decomposition of the polarizability data into five modes covers the major modes of each ion adequately (four modes for Li+). Illustrative calculations of surface potentials at the mica surface in aqueous alkali halide electrolytes are made. Charge reversal is obtained with the more polarizable cations, K+ and Rb +. The error in the single-mode ionization potential models is seen as a strong shift in the surface potential from negative toward positive values.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Publisher:||American Chemical Society|
|Copyright:||© 2009 American Chemical Society.|
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