Conversion of a CFCs, HFCs and HCFCs waste mixture via reaction with methane
Han, W., Kennedy, E.M., Mackie, J.C. and Dlugogorski, B.Z. (2010) Conversion of a CFCs, HFCs and HCFCs waste mixture via reaction with methane. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 184 (1-3). pp. 696-703.
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The gas-phase reaction of a mixture of waste refrigerant gases, namely R22 (CHClF 2), R12 (CCl 2F 2) and R134a (CH 2FCF 3) with CH 4 has been investigated over the temperature range of 873-1133K. The investigation was undertaken as an initial assessment of the viability of this process as a treatment option for waste mixtures of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and as a potential route for the synthesis of CH 2=CF 2 (VDF). During the reaction, CH 2=CF 2 is observed as the major product formed and a 43% selectivity to CH 2=CF 2 is obtained at 1073K. A detailed mechanism is developed based on the mechanistic analysis from kinetic modeling, with the initiation reaction involving the formation of Cl radicals from CCl 2F 2. Good agreement is achieved between the predictions and experimental results. Based on a mechanistic analysis, a summary of the major reaction pathways is proposed, which is consistent with the experimental observations.
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