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Sensitive and specific detection of bovine immunodeficiency virus and bovine syncytial virus by 5′ Taq nuclease assays with fluorescent 3′ minor groove binder-DNA probes

Lew, A.E., Bock, R.E., Miles, J., Cuttell, L.B., Steer, P. and Nadin-Davis, S.A. (2004) Sensitive and specific detection of bovine immunodeficiency virus and bovine syncytial virus by 5′ Taq nuclease assays with fluorescent 3′ minor groove binder-DNA probes. Journal of Virological Methods, 116 (1). pp. 1-9.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2003.10.006
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Abstract

Sensitive assays are required to detect bovine retroviruses in donor cattle used for the in vivo preparation of Australian tick fever vaccines. 5′ Taq nuclease assays using 3′ minor groove binder DNA probes (TaqMan®MGB) were developed and compared to conventional PCR assays for the sensitive detection of bovine syncytial virus (BSV) and bovine immunodeficiency virus (BIV). Seven beef and dairy herds were screened to evaluate these tests. Comparative sensitivities of PCR tests were determined by testing log10 dilutions of plasmids with inserts containing corresponding provirus sequences. Published PCR assays targeting BIV env sequences did not adequately amplify Australian BIV sequences. Pol sequences from Australian strains of BIV and BSV were used to design TaqMan®MGB assays, which improved sensitivity 10-fold (BIV) and 100-fold (BSV), respectively, over conventional PCR tests. This is the first report of Australian sequences of BIV and BSV and the first 5′ Taq nuclease assays described to detect these viruses. These methods could be applied to future studies requiring sensitive detection of these two bovine retroviruses.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2003 Published by Elsevier B.V.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/25349
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