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Relationships among body composition, circulating concentrations of leptin and follistatin, and the onset of puberty and fertility in young female sheep

Rosales Nieto, C.A., Thompson, A.N., Macleay, C.A., Briegel, J.R., Hedger, M.P., Ferguson, M.B. and Martin, G.B. (2014) Relationships among body composition, circulating concentrations of leptin and follistatin, and the onset of puberty and fertility in young female sheep. Animal Reproduction Science, 151 (3-4). pp. 148-156.

Link to Published Version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2014.10.00...
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Abstract

The onset of puberty depends on the attainment of critical body mass, so should also be affected by increases in the rate of accumulation of muscle and adipose tissue. Adipose tissue and reproduction are linked by leptin. For muscle, a link has not yet been identified, although one possibility is follistatin. We assessed the relationships among circulating concentrations of follistatin and leptin and the rates of growth and accumulation of muscle and fat during pubertal development in female sheep. We used 326 animals with known phenotypic values for live weight (LW), depths of eye muscle (EMD) and fat (FAT), and known breeding values at post-weaning age for body mass (PWT) and depths of eye muscle (PEMD) and fat (PFAT). Leptin concentration was positively correlated with values for EMD, PEMD, FAT, PFAT, LW and PWT (P < 0.001), whereas follistatin concentration was negatively correlated with values for EMD and PWT (P < 0.001), and PEMD (P < 0.01) and FAT (P < 0.05). Leptin concentration was negatively related to age and positively related to live weight at first oestrus and the proportion of females that attained puberty (P ≤ 0.05), and to fertility and reproductive rate (P < 0.01). Follistatin concentration was negatively related to live weight at first oestrus and to fertility (P < 0.01) and reproductive rate (P < 0.05). There were positive correlations (P < 0.001) between muscle accumulation and leptin concentration, and between muscle accumulation and reproductive performance. We conclude that leptin and follistatin are probably both involved in effects of accelerated accumulation of muscle and adipose tissues on the onset of puberty.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Copyright: © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/24612
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