Additive genetic and other sources of variation in growth traits of juvenile black bream Acanthopagrus butcheri
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We used a factorial mating design to estimate the contribution of additive genetic, non-additive genetic and maternal effects to variation in growth traits of black bream Acanthopagrus butcheri (Munro) at 75, 130 and 180 days of age in the hatchery. Maternal genetic and environmental effects were greatest at 75 days of age, accounting for 9.1% of total phenotypic variance in wet weight, 11.4% of variance in standard length and 8.8% of variance in total length. At later ages maternal effects were much reduced, explaining 0.8-3.7% of phenotypic variance in growth traits. Additive genetic effects were greatest at 130 days of age, when they accounted for 17.4% of total phenotypic variance in wet weight, 21.4% of variance in standard length and 18.7% of variance in total length. Additive genetic effects were negligible (< 1%) at 75 days of age and 4.8-5.5% of total phenotypic variance in growth traits at 180 days of age. Non-additive genetic effects (which also included common environmental effects because of families being raised in the same tank) explained 5.8-7.3% of total phenotypic variance in growth traits at 75 days of age, but were much smaller at later ages. Variable stocking densities among tanks up to 75 days significantly affected all growth trait measurements below 180 days of age.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||Fish Health Unit|
|Publisher:||Blackwell Publishing Inc|
|Copyright:||© 2005 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.|
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