The leaching of copper from sulphur activated chalcopyrite with cupric sulphate in nitrile-water mixtures
Parker, A.J., Muir, D.M., Giles, D.E., Alexander, R., O'Kane, J. and Avraamides, J. (1975) The leaching of copper from sulphur activated chalcopyrite with cupric sulphate in nitrile-water mixtures. Hydrometallurgy, 1 (2). pp. 169-181.
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If chalcopyrite is roasted with sulphur at 400–450°C pyrite and idaite or bornite are produced. Bornite plus pyrite are also prepared by roasting a 1:1 mixture of chalcopyrite and covellite. These copper-iron sulphides were leached with acidified aqueous cupric sulphate solutions containing acetonitrile or hydracrylonitrile and the results are compared with leaching with acidified cupric chloride in brine. The nitrile route has the advantage of a less corrosive sulphate medium for subsequent copper recovery processes.
Bornite appears to be the most attractive product from the roasting of sulphur and chalcopyrite because much of its copper can be readily leached. Iron reports to the solution only in the latter stages of extraction. Up to 80% of the copper in this bornite is leached with CuSO4/RCN/H2O at 60°C. Copper is recovered from the resulting cuprous sulphate solution by electrowinning with inert anode. The products are copper cathodes and cupric sulphate, which is recycled. The leach residue may be used to reactivate further chalcopyrite or is leached of its copper by established routes.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences|
|Copyright:||© 1975 Elsevier B.V.|
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