Cuprous hydrometallurgy Part IV. Rates and equilibria in the reaction of copper sulphides with copper(II) sulphate in aqueous acetonitrile
Muir, D.M., Parker, A.J. and Giles, D.E. (1976) Cuprous hydrometallurgy Part IV. Rates and equilibria in the reaction of copper sulphides with copper(II) sulphate in aqueous acetonitrile. Hydrometallurgy, 2 (2). pp. 127-140.
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Copper(II) sulphate in solutions of aqueous acetonitrile leaches copper from copper sulphides to form stable copper(I) sulphate solutions. Covellite and chalcopyrite are oxidised and leached more rapidly in the early stages of leaching with acidic CuSO4/CH3CN/H2O than with acidic iron(III) sulphate in water. A redox equilibrium between copper(I) sulphate, copper(II) sulphate and partially leached solid copper sulphide, CuxS, is established. The equilibrium concentration of Cu2SO4 and the value of x in CuxS, in solutions saturated with CuSO4, are interdependent if the acetonitrile concentration is constant. This behaviour is considered in terms of the structural and electrochemical changes which occur, in the solids Cu2S and CuS, as leaching proceeds. According to the activities of acetonitrile, of copper(I) sulphate and of copper(II) sulphate, i.e. according to the redox potential of the solution, CuS either can be oxidised by copper(II) sulphate to a less copper-rich copper sulphide and even to sulphur, or reduced by copper(I) sulphate to a more copper-rich sulphide, up to Cu2S, in acidic solutions containing CuSO4, Cu2SO4, CH3CN and water. This observation leads to an easy method of generating Cu2S from CuS or from sulphur.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences|
|Copyright:||© 1976 Elsevier B.V.|
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