A Review of urban density models: Toward a resolution of the conflict between populace and planner
Newman, P. and Hogan, T. (1981) A Review of urban density models: Toward a resolution of the conflict between populace and planner. Human Ecology, 9 (3). pp. 269-303.
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The belief that high density is stressful and unhealthy has contributed to a decline in urban density in many countries, particularly North America and Australia. Yet many physical planners are calling for an increase in urban density. Many human or individual-oriented studies (which involve ethological models, sociological models, and psychological models) have been used to suggest negative effects of urban density. This article raises questions about these conclusions and presents evidence from recent studies which suggests more positive human aspects of urban density. The physical or systems-oriented studies (which involve economic, ecological, historical, and engineering models) suggest advantages in costs, energy, environment, and transport from increasing urban density. The resolution of the conflict between populace and planner is suggested to include greater awareness of mutual benefits from increased density, better planning and design, and encouragement of the more positive human aspects of higher urban density.
|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Murdoch Affiliation:||School of Environmental Science|
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