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Influence of glucocorticoids, neuregulin-1 , and sex on surfactant phospholipid secretion from type II cells

King, G., Damas, J.E., Cake, M.H., Berryman, D. and Maker, G.L. (2014) Influence of glucocorticoids, neuregulin-1 , and sex on surfactant phospholipid secretion from type II cells. AJP: Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, 306 (3). L292-L298.

Free to read: http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajplung.00297.2013
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Abstract

Glucocorticoids induce lung fibroblasts to produce fibroblast-pneumocyte factor, a peptide that stimulates type II cells to synthesize pulmonary surfactant. This effect is known to be more apparent in cells derived from female fetuses, a characteristic that has been attributed to sex-linked differences in the fibroblasts. In the current study, it has been shown that dexamethasone enhances both β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) activity (1.3- to 1.6-fold increase) and (-)-isoproterenol-induced secretion of surfactant (1.8- to 1.9-fold increase) in type II cells. However, fibroblast-conditioned media (FCM), prepared in the presence of dexamethasone, generates a much greater response to (-)-isoproterenol (3.1- to 3.8-fold increase). Furthermore, each of these effects is more pronounced if both cell types are female-derived. It is hypothesized that the enhanced response to glucocorticoids is the result of a synergistic effect between the steroid and a component of FCM. Neuregulin-1β (NRG1β), which is elevated in FCM generated in the presence of dexamethasone, influences not only the rate of surfactant secretion and the β-AR activity in type II cells, but also enhances in both sexes the cellular response to (-)-isoproterenol. These results suggest that NRG1β might be more effective than glucocorticoids in treating prematurely born male infants, which are known to respond poorly to glucocorticoids. Given that glucocorticoids are known to induce higher levels of β-AR mRNA, the effect of NRG1β, alone and in combination with dexamethasone, on β-AR gene expression was measured using qRTPCR. Whereas NRG1β had no effect alone, in combination with dexamethasone it produced up to a 4.2-fold elevation in the level of β-AR mRNA.

Publication Type: Journal Article
Murdoch Affiliation: School of Veterinary and Life Sciences
Publisher: American Physiological Society
Copyright: © 2014 the American Physiological Society.
URI: http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/21151
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